Physics Review Q’naire – VCAA Solutions to NH paper. VicPhys News 2/T4/18

  1. VCAA begins the VCE Physics Course Review with a Questionnaire
  2. VCAA provides solutions to the NH Physics Exam
  3. Want to be a presenter at the Physics Teachers’ Conference?

VCAA begins the VCE Physics Course Review with a Questionnaire
Units 1 & 2 are accredited until December 2020, so these units are scheduled for a review in 2019.  VCAA is conducting a questionnaire to assist with this review process.  The questionnaire covers Units 1 to 4 as well as the advice to teachers.
The questionnaire can be accessed and completed here from the VCAA website.  The questionnaire can be completed at a later stage once commenced. To recommence the questionnaire, you use the [NEXT] button located in the bottom right hand corner to save entered information and then use the same computer and web browser on which the questionnaire was commenced as a copy of your responses will have been saved.

The closing date is 2nd November, 2018.

To assist you with preparing your responses to the questions on the questionnaire, a copy of the questions can be downloaded from here on the Vicphysics website.

In addition to this questionnaire, VCAA anticipates that teacher focus groups will be held to gather more information. Notification of focus groups will be via their Notice to Schools in addition to the Expression of Interest at the end of this questionnaire.

VCAA provides solutions to the NH Physics Exam
Usually the Chief Assessor’s reports on VCE exams provide for each question a short solution, a comment and the statistics of the responses.  However for the Northern Hemisphere (NH) papers held at the mid year, the reports on the VCAA website provide only the short solution to each question.  There is no marking scheme and no commentary or statistics. They are available here on the VCAA website and also on our Vicphysics website along with our more detailed solutions.

Students can now access different sets of solutions to compare, which will be useful for the explanation questions.

Want to be a presenter at the Physics Teachers’ Conference?
There is still time to register a workshop for next year’s conference.  Registration closes this Friday, 19th Octber.
We invite you to consider presenting a workshop for your colleagues at next year’s Physics Teachers’ Conference. We all have much to share. The conference will be on Friday, 15th February at La Trobe University.

A distinctive feature of the Physics Teachers’ Conference over the years has been the large number of teachers who offer workshops about what they do.  These workshops are not only beneficial for other teachers, but they also significantly enhance the curriculum vitae of the presenters and their own personal skills.

With the new course bedding down, the conference is an ideal forum for you to share your ideas on teaching the new content and the different ways of assessing.

If you would like to offer a workshop, please register the workshop on the STAV website, here

  • The presenter and only one co-presenter are free of charge for the session they are presenting.
  • All such presenters are able to register “free of charge” for other sessions at this conference.
  • All subsequent co-presenters are charged $75 each and need to register to attend sessions.
  • Presenters are not paid any fee nor is CRT covered.

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

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Physics Teacher positions, Nobel Prize, More resources. Vicphys News 1/T4/18

Vicphysics Teachers’ Network is often contacted by schools who are having difficulty finding a physics teacher to be a LSL replacement, to fill an ongoing position or just to cover an extended sick leave. So we have decided to set up a webpage for such short and long term physics teaching vacancies.  The first position is now on our website.

The 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics was announced last week. It was awarded for innovation on using lasers.  Resources for various audiences are listed below.

We also invite teachers to consider presenting a workshop for their colleagues at next year’s Physics Teachers’ Conference. We have much to share. There is also information on new resources and a reminder that entries for our competitions are due.

The next meeting of the Vicphysics Teachers’ Network will be at 5pm on Thursday, 11th October at Melbourne Girls’ College.  All teachers are welcome to attend this or any other meeting.  If you would like to attend, please contact Vicphysics

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

Table of Contents

  1. Seeking a Physics Teacher?  Seeking a job?
  2. 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics for innovations in laser physics
  3. Be a Conference Presenter
  4. Entries for our Physics Competitions are due.
  5. Another Poster from the Perimeter Institute: All Known Physics in one equation
  6. Physics Problem sheets: 80 pages from a retired teacher
  7. Background readings from the Institute of Physics – Many are free to download
  8. Events for Students and the General Public
  9. Events for Teachers

10. Physics News from the Web
a)  New evidence for cyclic universe claimed by Roger Penrose and colleagues
b)  Fierce and Unpredictable: How Wildfires became Infernos
c)  How to build a super-magnet

1. Seeking a Physics Teacher? Seeking a job?
Vicphysics Teachers’ Network is often contacted by schools who are having difficulty finding a physics teacher to be a LSL replacement, to fill an ongoing position or just to cover an extended sick leave.

So we have decided to make our website and this email newsletter available to schools to cover such short and long term physics teaching vacancies.

The cost is $100 for two months’ display.  The payment is to be by EFT to the Vicphysics Teachers’ Network account at Bank Australia with BSB 313 140 and account number 12146397.  The customer reference should be the school name.  A receipt will be issued and an invoice can be provided.  Schools must enter the details about the vacancy online here on our website.

As schools lodge information about a vacancy, it will be placed here on our website.  So far the vacancies are:

  • Star of the Sea College, Brighton

2.  2018 Nobel Prize in Physics for innovations in laser physics
The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Donna Strickland, George Mourou and Arthur Ashkin.
There are several resources explaining their work for various audiences:
Popular version by the Nobel Committee (7 pages)
Scientific version by the Nobel Committee ( 18 pages)
Forbes magazine: Optical TweezersUltra Intense, Ultra short(two very well written articles).
The Nobel Committee now also produces lesson material on each of the prizes.  Click here for the physics material.
The speaker at the Monash Girls in Physics Breakfast, Dr Ceri Brenner, spoke on the different ways she uses these laser pulses in her research.  Check the video of her talk on our webpage.

3. Be a Conference Presenter: Physics Teachers’ Conference, Friday, 15th February
A distinctive feature of the Physics Teachers’ Conference over the years has been the large number of teachers who offer workshops about what they do.  These workshops are not only beneficial for other teachers, but they also significantly enhance the curriculum vitae of the presenters and their own personal skills.

With the new course bedding down, the conference is an ideal forum for you to share your ideas on teaching new content and different ways of assessing.

If you would like to offer a workshop, please register the workshop on the STAV website, here.  Theclosing date for registrations is Friday, 12th October.

  • The presenter and only one co-presenter are free of charge for the session they are presenting.
  • All such presenters are able to register “free of charge” for other sessions at this conference.
  • All subsequent co-presenters are charged $75 each and need to register to attend sessions.
  • Presenters are not paid any fee nor is CRT covered.

4.  Entries for our Physics Competitions are due.
Entries for the Vicphysics Photo and Video contests are due this Friday, 12th October.  Click the links for details.
Entries for the Practical Investigation Poster Competition are due next Friday, 19th October. Click the link for details.

5.  Another Poster from the Perimeter Institute: All known physics in one equation
A newsletter in late Term 3 reported on three extra packages of curriculum materials from the Perimeter Institute.  They have now released a new poster which displays ‘all known physics’ in one equation annotated with the name of the physicist against each term, including Schrodinger, Feynmann, Euler, Planck, Einstein, Newton, Maxwell, Yang, Mills, Dirac, Kobayashi, Maskawa, Yukawa, Higgs and Lagrange.  The poster can be downloaded as a high resolution pdf for free fromhere.

6.  Physics Problem sheets80 pages from a retired teacher
Geoff Phillips has retired from teaching but would like to make available to teachers his collection of Physics problem sheets.  There are about 80 sheets for Year 11 and 12 Physics.  Although written for the previous Study Design, most are still appropriate to the current course.  The problem sheets are all original material written by Geoff, so his copyright should be acknowledged when they are being photocopied or printed.  They also come with answers and detailed solutions.

If you wish to obtain the sheets, you can email Geoff  to request the download link.

7. Background readings from the Institute of Physics – Many free to download
The Institute of Physics commissions booklets on a range of physics topics, most can be purchased through Amazon. The following engaging titles from Particle Physics to the Physics of DNA are free to download from here:

  • What’s next for Particle Physics? by Martin White
  • Philosphy of Physics by Robert P Crease
  • Energy Storage Systems by David Elliott
  • From Particle Physics to Medical Applications by Manjit Dosanjh
  • Quantum Simulation by Chad Orzel
  • Multimessenger Astronomy by Imre Bartos and Marek Kowalski
  • Space Weather by Mike Hapgood
  • Proton Beam Therapy by Harald Paganetti
  • Complex Light by Jeff Secor, Robert Alfano and Solyman Ashrafi
  • Adaptive Optics in Biology by Carl J Kempf
  • How to build a Quantum Computer by Barry C Sanders
  • Nanoelectronics by Jessamyn A Fairfield
  • Antihydrogen Beams by Yasunori Yamazaki, Michael Doser and Patrice Pérez
  • Carbon Capture and Storage by Owain Tucker
  • Nuclear Waste Management by Claire Corkhill and Neil Hyatt
  • Tetraquarks and Pentaquarks by Greig Cowan and Tim Gershon
  • The Physics of DNA and Chromosomes by Davide Marenduzzo
  • Redefining the Kilogram and other SI Units by Stephan Schlamminger

8.    Events for Students and the General Public
a) 30th October, Neutron stars, 6:30pm, Monash University, Clayton Campus.
The October lecture in this series will be on Neutron stars and will be given by Prof Alexander Heger from the school of Physics and Astronomy at Monash University.  Check here for a personal profile of Prof Heger.
A demonstration, practical activity or laboratory tour will precede each lecture, beginning at 6.30pm, with the lecture starting at 7pm.
The venue is Lecture Theatre S3, 16 Rainforest Walk, which is on the West side of the Clayton campus. (see map). Parking is available free after 5pm in N1 (check the map).

These lectures are appropriate for teachers or VCE students.  Information about the series is available here .
The next lecture in the series is:

  • Tuesday, 27th November – TBA – Assoc Prof Meera Parish

b) Physics Days at Luna Park: Tuesday, 6th March to Friday, 9th March, 2019
Next year there will be two extra rides on offer one of which is the Road Runner located next to the Spider.  Up to 9 people sit in a car as it twists, turns and sways while moving backwards and forwards through a curved dip. It will be useful for data logging and also simple calculation of g forces from using a stop watch and estimating distances.  The other ride will be a new ride, which is yet to be announced.
Bookings are now open for next year’s Physics Days at Luna Park.  You can make a booking for a particular day at this year and change your day once your timetable for 2019 is known. But please remember to notify Luna Park on any change of date at least a fortnight before the event.
An aerobatic display by a member of the Roulettes has been requested, but confirmation is often not provided before February next year,

9.     Events for Teachers
a)  11 October 2018Keeping under 1.5°C:  Are we doing enough to avoid dangerous climate change?,
6:00 pm to 7:45pm, University of Melbourne
Have we missed the opportunity to avoid dangerous climate change?  Australia has already experienced over 1 degree of warming with an increase in extreme heat events and severe bushfire weather.  What actions need to be taken to get on track to avoid a greater than 1.5°C future?  If we don’t act, what could our future climate look like?

To coincide with the launch of the IPCC Special Report Global Warming of 1.5°C,  as well as the 10 year anniversary of the Garnaut Climate Change Review 2008 (updated in 2011), the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and the University of Melbourne Climate-Energy College present a panel of experts to discuss the implications of this important report for Australia and the World.

Panelists:

  • Prof Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Director of the Global Change Institute (GCI) and Professor of Marine Science, The University of Queensland (Co-Author of the IPCC Special Report Global Warming of 1.5°C)
  • Prof Ross Garnaut AC, Professorial Fellow in Economics at the University of Melbourne, Chair of the Energy Transition Hub and President of SIMEC ZEN Energy
  • Prof Robyn Eckersley, Head of Political Science, School of Social and Political Sciences, plus Climate and Energy College, University of Melbourne
  • Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Senior Research Associate and ARC Future Fellow, Climate Change Research Centre, UNSW

Venue: Kathleen Fitzpatrick Theatre, Arts West – West Wing : Building 148B, University of Melbourne
Cost: Free, To register click here .

b)  Wednesday 17 October, Mission: Gravity – Bringing Virtual Universe to the Secondary Classroom, Scienceworks
OzGrav (ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery) and Scienceworks are joining forces to offer a unique professional development day .  Join them for an insight into the free OzGrav incursion Program ‘Mission: Gravity’ This is a program that incorporates experimental design and scientific process with virtual data to answer the question: Where do black holes come from? 

Also included: ‘Beyond Perception’ exhibition viewing, the Planetarium show ‘Black Holes’ supplementary curriculum materials and an opportunity to invite the OzGrav team to your school to share ‘Mission: Gravity’ free of charge with your students.

This free professional learning day is exclusive to MV Teachers subscribers. You can join MV Teachers today for access to this and other exclusive teacher events – it’s free!  This is a rare opportunity and places are limited. Note that this event is not catered and you will need to provide your own refreshments.
Cost: Free for MV Teachers
Suitable for: Year 7–10 STEM teachers, and Year 11 and 12 Physics teachers
Time: 8.30am–3.30pm
Location: Scienceworks, 2 Booker Street, Spotswood, VIC 3015

10.   Physics from the Web
Items selected from the bulletins of the Institute of Physics (UK).
Each item below includes the introductory paragraphs and a web link to the rest of the article.

New evidence for cyclic universe claimed by Roger Penrose and colleagues

Unexpected hot spots in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) could have been produced by black holes evaporating before the Big Bang. So says a trio of scientists led by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose in a paper presenting new evidence that our universe is just one stage in a potentially infinite cycle of cosmic extinction and rebirth. Other researchers, however, remain sceptical that the microwave background really does contain signs from a previous “aeon”.

According to standard cosmology, the universe underwent a very brief but exceptionally intense expansion just after the Big Bang. This period of “inflation” would have ironed out any irregularities in the structure of the early universe, leading to the very uniform cosmos that we observe around us.

However, Penrose, based at the University of Oxford , has developed a rival theory known as “conformal cyclic cosmology“ (CCC) which posits that the universe became uniform before, rather than after, the Big Bang. The idea is that the universe cycles from one aeon to the next, each time starting out infinitely small and ultra-smooth before expanding and generating clumps of matter. That matter eventually gets sucked up by supermassive black holes, which over the very long term disappear by continuously emitting Hawking radiation. This process restores uniformity and sets the stage for the next Big Bang.

Fierce and Unpredictable: How Wildfires Became Infernos

An article from the New York Times.  MISSOULA, Mont. — In a large metal warehouse, Mark Finney opens a tall, clear glass tower and pours alcohol into a tray at the bottom and lights it. When he closes the door, an open vent at the bottom sucks in air and suddenly fire spirals upward, a narrow column of flame 12 feet tall.

In the wild, these fire whirls are unpredictable and dangerous. An exceptionally powerful whirl in late July during California’s unrelenting Carr Fire whipped winds up to 143 miles per hour, roaring and spinning for 90 minutes and scooping up ash, debris and flames. It uprooted trees, stripped the bark off them, and downed power lines. The whirl, sometimes nicknamed a “firenado,” was so large it was picked up on Doppler radar.

How to build a super-magnet

Super-strong magnets are a relatively recent phenomenon. Before the 19th century, the only magnets available were naturally occurring rocks made from a mineral called magnetite. This began to change after 1819, when the Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted discovered that electric currents in metallic wires create magnetic fields, but the real leap in magnet strength did not come until nearly a century later, with the discovery of superconductivity. Superconductors conduct electricity with perfect efficiency, which is a huge advantage for making strong magnets: today’s most powerful commercially available superconducting magnets can produce a stable field of up to 23 T, which is more than 2000 times stronger than the magnet on your fridge.

Be a Conf Presenter. VicPhysics No 6, T3, 2018

Dear Colleagues

We invite you to consider presenting a workshop for your colleagues at next year’s Physics Teachers’ Conference. We all have much to share. The conference will be on Friday, 15th February at La Trobe University.

A distinctive feature of the Physics Teachers’ Conference over the years has been the large number of teachers who offer workshops about what they do.  These workshops are not only beneficial for other teachers, but they also significantly enhance the curriculum vitae of the presenters and their own personal skills.

With the new course bedding down, the conference is an ideal forum for you to share your ideas on teaching the new content and the different ways of assessing.

If you would like to offer a workshop, please register the workshop on the STAV website, here.  Theclosing date for registrations is Friday, 12th October.

  • The presenter and only one co-presenter are free of charge for the session they are presenting.
  • All such presenters are able to register “free of charge” for other sessions at this conference.
  • All subsequent co-presenters are charged $75 each and need to register to attend sessions.
  • Presenters are not paid any fee nor is CRT covered.

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

Be a Conf. Presenter – AstroLight Festival – More Resources

We invite teachers to consider presenting a workshop for their colleagues at next year’s Physics Teachers’ Conference. We have much to share.

This newsletter also has information on a wealth of resources as well as news about the impressive Astrolight Festival at Scienceworks this Saturday night.

The next meeting of the Vicphysics Teachers’ Network will be at 5pm on Thursday, 13th September at Melbourne Girls’ College.  All teachers are welcome to attend this or any other meeting.  If you would like to attend, please contact Vicphysics

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

Table of Contents

  1. Be a Conference Presenter
  2. Resources from the Perimeter Institute
  3. Internet Resources for Physics Teaching
  4. Events for Students and the General Public
  5. Events for Teachers

6. Physics News from the Web
a)  Emmy Noether’s revolutionary theorem explained from kindergarten to PhD
b) Nanoparticles set spinning record
c)  What is time? The comic strip

1.  Be a Conference Presenter: Physics Teachers’ Conference, Friday, 15th February
A distinctive feature of the Physics Teachers’ Conference over the years has been the large number of teachers who offer workshops about what they do.  These workshops are not only beneficial for other teachers, but they also significantly enhance the curriculum vitae of the presenters and their own personal skills.

With the new course bedding down, the conference is an ideal forum for you to share your ideas on teaching new content and different ways of assessing.

If you would like to offer a workshop, please register the workshop on the STAV website, here.

  • The presenter and only one co-presenter are free of charge for the session they are presenting.
  • All such presenters are able to register “free of charge” for other sessions at this conference.
  • All subsequent co-presenters are charged $75 each and need to register to attend sessions.
  • Presenters are not paid any fee nor is CRT covered.

2.  Resources from the Perimeter Institute
The Perimeter Institute has released three extra packages of curriculum materials, the titles are:

  • Evidence for Climate Change (1000MB of material on carbon dioxide, climate modelling, forcing factors,
  • Wave Model Applications (648 MB of material on sound, earthquake and gravitational waves including interference and resonance)
  • A Deeper Understanding of Energy (575 MB of material on nuclear transformations, ionising radiation, mass energy equivalence, formation of elements and dark energy)

They are pitched at Years 10 to 11.  They are available free and each includes i) a 70 – 85 page teaching program covering how to use the material, several pages of teaching strategies and learning issues, ii) 5 – 7 different activities, each with information on teaching tips, equipment, extension, misconceptions, iii) a video, iv) a student design challenge and v) assessment criteria and rubrics.

They can be downloaded from here. There are 18 topics in all from upper primary to senior secondary. Senior topics include: Black Holes, The Mystery of Dark Matter, The Challenge of Quantum Reality, Beyond the Atom: Remodelling Particle Physics, Everyday Einstein: GPS and Relativity, The Process of Science, Revolutions in Science and The Expanding Universe.

3. Internet Resources for Physics Teaching
The journal “The Physics Teacher’ produced by the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) features a column of new internet resources.  These are some from recent editions.

  • Videos of teacher demonstrations: Two academics at Weber University in the US have produced a set of videor covering about 200 physics concepts.  The videos are designed to support online learning. They cover Mechanics, Waves, Thermal Physics, Light, Electromagnetism and Modern Physics. They average about 5 minutes in duration.
  • Seeing the world in UV and IR.  There are two sites on UV: Veritasium (11 min),  Physics Girl (12 min) and one for IR: Michelle Thaller from NASA  (7 min).
  • Physics Apps by Canadian teacher, Matt Craig.  Matt has produced 30 apps for senior physics covering Waves, Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Relativity and Modern physics.  He also has a set for middle science on Electrostatics, Light and Astronomy.  They are downloadable jar files and you need to install the Java Development Kit to run them, but information is provided on how to do that. His explanatory notes about the electroscope simulator published in the Ontario Physics Teachers Newsletter can be accessed here.
  • Physics Videos.  This website, ‘The Universe and More’, is nominally about physics games, but the main benefit is the extensive list of videos under ‘Resources’, they are mainly action sequences that illustrate phenomena and principles.  They cover several aspects of mechanics, as well as Light, Waves, Electromagnetism, Quantum physics and Relativity.
  • Kirchoff’s Revenge.  An Adventure Game.  “Kirchhoff is annoyed because nobody appreciates his circuit laws! You get transported to his secret lair and won’t be able to get out until you show appreciation!”   There are eight levels and it is available in both Mac and Windows versions.

4.    Events for Students and the General Public
a)   Saturday, 8th September: Astrolight Festival, 6pm – 10:30pm, Scienceworks
Enjoy a special evening of talks and performances for all ages, Planetarium and Lightning Room shows, plus an array of hands-on optics activities and stargazing (weather permitting).

This year Scienceworks is rocketing into space with speakers talking about human spaceflight, the Australian Space Agency, and where Australia is headed in this accelerating industry.  International Space Station Flight Controller Andrea Boyd and former astronaut trainer Dr Gail Iles will discuss the future of human spaceflight and what it’s like to hang out in zero gravity.

Later in the evening, Andrea will be joined by Dr Naomi Mathers to talk all things space industry including the burgeoning Australian Space Agency, satellite technologies, and other applications of space science.

The program includes 12 talks in two venues across the evening and 20 activities in 10 venues.

Cost: $12 – $25
Venue: Scienceworks, 2 Booker St, Spotswood
Bookings and program details: Click here.  Those booking go in the draw for a Celestron telescope valued at $855.

b) Sunday, 9th September: Open Day at Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 10am – 2pm, Parkville
This Open Day is for students interested in careers in the Medical Radiations professions of Medical Imaging, Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine.  Staff will conduct tours of these departments and provide career and professional information.  University course providers will also be in attendance. This is a great opportunity to see the latest in high-tech modern medicine. Parents and teachers are most welcome.
Time: 10:00am to 2:00pm
Venue: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre within the VCCC building at 305 Grattan St Melbourne

c)   Friday, 14th September: It Takes a Spark!, Spark EDU Conference,  Melbourne Girls’ College
This conference is designed by students and teachers for students and teachers.

The intent of the ‘It Takes a Spark’ conference is to bring together Girls and their Teachers to connect with inspiring female industry role models, share their current school based activities and projects using an authentic sharing and experiential model, create networks of teachers and student teams, and solve social justice design challenges.

The participation of the students is as important as teachers as the intent is to ignite, empower and nurture both students and teachers to be leaders of STEAM and Entrepreneurship within their schools.

Teachers will have both formal and informal opportunities to speak to other teachers who have enacted programs and activities in their schools and get their questions answered. The workshops and social justice design challenges are all hands-on so students and teachers will experience first-hand what it is like to be part of great STEAM and entrepreneurial learning.  This will spark new ideas about curriculum and pedagogy.

The event is for:

  •  those who are already (or aspire to be) technology leaders in their school,
  •  those who have little experience and those who have a lot,
  • Curriculum Coordinators– who wish to discuss how to create trans-disciplinary units that are powerfully engaging,
  • Principals and Deputy Principals – to witness what is possible by embedding the Technologies Curriculum in their school.

Cost: Teacher: $235 (early bird $195 by 24th August), Student : $33 , Includes lunch.

Check here for the details of program, speakers and the workshops for teachers and for students.

d)  Mission Discovery: Seeking mentors for a holiday program to design experiments for International Space Station.

The International Space School Educational Trust (ISSET) in association with Latitude Group Travel and Melbourne University is running an event for secondary students from 24th to 28th September.

They are seeking senior undergrads, grads, PhD students and current teachers to be mentors to the students who, in teams of 6, will design an experiment to be done in space.  The judges will pick one winning team whose experiment will go on the International Space Station.

If you wish to be a mentor, please contact Felicity Irwin at Latitude Group Travel.

For more details about the event and student registrations, click here.  The cost for the five days including lunch for an individual student is $771 + GST, there is a discount for a booking of more than 20 students. Teachers are encouraged to attend with their students at no cost.

e)   25th September, Black holes and merging neutron stars: frontiers in gravitational-wave astronomy6:30pm, Monash University, Clayton Campus.
The September lecture in this series will be on Black holes and merging neutron stars: frontiers in gravitational-wave astronomyand will be given by Dr Eric Thrane from the school of Physics and Astronomy at Monash University.  Check here for a personal profile of Dr Thrane.
A demonstration, practical activity or laboratory tour will precede each lecture, beginning at 6.30pm, with the lecture starting at 7pm.
The venue is Lecture Theatre S3, 16 Rainforest Walk, which is on the West side of the Clayton campus. (see map). Parking is available free after 5pm in N1 (check the map).

These lectures are appropriate for teachers or VCE students.  Information about the series is available here .
The next lectures in the series are:

  • Tuesday, 30th October – Neutron Stars – Prof Alexander Heger
  • Tuesday, 27th November – TBA – Assoc Prof Meera Parish

f)  26th Sept – 5th October: 3D Astro Tours, Swinburne University
The 50-minute session is a journey starting in the solar system and then on to explore a Universe. AstroTours feature 3D movies, created by the award-winning Swinburne Astronomy Productions team, and all sessions are presented by the Centre’s astronomers or post graduate researchers.

Dates:

Please use the links next to each date to book your seats. Email suelester@swin.edu.au with further queries.  NB: Please note that sessions will be cancelled with less than 12 attendees.

Venue: Swinburne University, Hawthorn campus, AR104 .  Click here for map.

Bookings are essential and can also be made via email to Elizabeth Thackray

Payment: Cost is $10 per person which can be paid at the door by cash or cheque.  If paying by credit card please ask for a form which you can pre-complete and bring with you on the day, with your card.  Please aim to arrive at least 10 – 15 minutes before the advertised start time.  *Please advise if you require space for a wheelchair.

Astrotours are suitable for children aged 6 years and above. Unfortunately, they are not able to admit children younger than this, with one exception: 5 year-olds are able to attend if they are accompanying another child aged 6 years or above.  They apologise for any inconvenience this may cause.  For safety reasons, no prams/strollers, etc. are allowed in the theatre.

g) Friday, 5th October: Women in Physics Night, 6:30pm – 8pm, University of Melbourne
The annual “Women in Physics Night” is an outreach program organised by the undergraduate Physics Students’ Society of The University of Melbourne.  The aim of this event was to motivate and encourage those who are interested in physical sciences to pursue further studies in the relevant field via interaction and open discussions with a diverse range of panellists from different physics backgrounds.  The event is open to all.

Panellists include: Prof Nicole Bell (Melb Uni), Dr Gail Iles (RMIT), Dr Catherine de Burgh-Day (Aust Bur of Met) and Stephanie Bernard (Melb Uni)

Purpose of the evening:
• Career opportunities in physics,
• What is it like to be a women in physics?,
• Panellists of different backgrounds talking about their personal experiences,
• Potential problems you may face as a woman in physics and how to overcome them.

Venue: Laby Theatre, University of Melbourne
Cost: Free and there is no need to book.  Check the Vicphysics calender for more details.

5.     Events for Teachers
a)         It Takes a Spark!, Spark EDU Conference, 14th September, Melbourne Girls’ College
See item 3b above

b) Lab Techs Workshop, Tuesday 18th September, Camberwell Grammar School
The all day program includes:

  • Learning new skills: i) Using and repairing multimeters, ii) Setting up a CRO for demonstrations, iii) Using a Ruhmkorff coil for high voltage demonstrations. (do two of the three, each runs for 30 mins)
  • The Van de Graaff Generator: Their care and feeding with Harvey Edwards from Principles and Practice.The frustration and hate of maintaining a VDG is fairly universal among Labies. Either you can seek help from a professional councellor or join in this workshop that will give you all the hints on how to service and maintain them with a minimum of hair pulling and swearing.  1 hour)
  • Good data in a digital world with Doug Bail from Ciderhouse. Hints, tips, tricks and techniques that help you, teachers and students make the most of the digital data acquisition available to schools.  The workshop will include some experiments, chat through tips, maintenance, calibration and analyse some data to help you support the use of this equipment.  The session will use PASCO gear but is intended for support of all equipment and particular notes will be made of options available from other suppliers. (1 hour)
  • Safe handling of ionising radiation and storage of radioactive sources (45 mins)
  • Laboratory management hints and lab tour (45 mins)
  • What is that old equipment in the back cupboard and is it of any use? (30 mins)

Cost: $60. Lunch is provided. A copy of the LTAV’s Physics Reference Manual is available at a discounted price of $20.
More details here  To book: go to Trybooking . Bookings close on Monday, 10th September.

c) Tuesday, 25th September, STEM Talks, 1pm and 4pm, Monash University, Clayton Campus
Showcasing STEM innovation – Addressing real life challenges in a changing world

The Faculty of Education at Monash University has invited a group of scientists, engineers and technologists to share their collective insights into some of the big questions that challenge them in their everyday quest for innovative solutions.

Each speaker’s story will showcase how diverse approaches to solving problems can be, and will demonstrate that engaging in STEM is seldom formulaic or routine, but is definitely exciting, creative and highly rewarding.  Join them to hear their stories.

There are two one hour sessions, one at 1pm and the other at 4pm, in the Learning and Teaching Building on the Clayton campus.  There are four speakers at the 1pm session and three other speakers at the 4pm session. Each session can be booked separately.  Information on the speakers and bookings are located here.  There is no cost.  The event will be filmed as a live event and made available online.

6.   Physics from the Web
Items selected from the bulletins of the Institute of Physics (UK).
Each item below includes the introductory paragraphs and a web link to the rest of the article.

a)  Emmy Noether’s revolutionary theorem explained from kindergarten to PhD
One hundred years ago, on July 23, 1918, Emmy Noether published a paper that would change science.

She was 36 at the time, working as an unpaid “assistant” under a male colleague because the University of Göttingen did not allow women to become professors. The paper, titled Invariante Variationsprobleme, contained a theorem that launched abstract algebra and linked two fundamental concepts in physics: symmetry and conservation laws.

Her insight was so profound that physicists are still unpacking its implications.  Here’s an all-ages guided tour through this groundbreaking idea.  The article also includes links to videos of talks for the various audiences.

b)  Nanoparticles set spinning record
If a jet engine spins faster than about 1000 Hz, the forces on its outer edge may rip it apart. But two research teams – one in Switzerland, the other in the US and China – have independently made nanoparticles rotate at over a billion Hertz, making them the fastest rotations ever produced.

Such ultrafast nanorotors could be useful for testing material properties, as well as verifying theories of frictional damping on the nanoscale. The dumbbell-shaped nanoparticles of the US-Chinese group can also form ultrasensitive torsion balances – the force sensors used to measure gravity in the 18th century. They could therefore potentially detect quantum effects in gravitation and other tiny force effects.

b)  What is Time? The Comic strip
A comic strip that takes a wry look at the physics and metaphysics of time by siblings, Eugenia Viti (the cartoonist) and Ivan Viti (the physicist).

Physics B’fast video update – Space holiday program

Two short items:

  1. Girls in Physics Breakfast Video Update
  2. Mission Discovery: Seeking mentors for a holiday program to design experiments for International Space Station

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

1.  Girls in Physics Breakfast Video Update
The last newsletter had two links to this video, one was to Monash University, which has now deleted the video and the other was to the live streaming company, which started with 30 minutes of the title before the talk actually began.  These 30 minutes have now been deleted and the video of the talk is now available on vimeo here.  Details about the talk are on our website. Vicphysics apologises for this inconvenience.

2.  Mission Discovery: Seeking mentors for a holiday program to design experiments for International Space Station.
The International Space School Educational Trust (ISSET) in association with Latitude Group Travel and Melbourne University is running an event for secondary students from 24th to 28th September.

They are seeking senior undergrads, grads, PhD students and current teachers to be mentors to the students who, in teams of 6, will design an experiment to be done in space.  The judges will pick one winning team whose experiment will go on the International Space Station.

If you wish to be a mentor, please contact Felicity Irwin at Latitude Group Travel.

For more details about the event and student registrations, click here.  The cost for the five days including lunch for an individual student is $771 + GST, there is a discount for a booking of more than 20 students. Teachers are encouraged to attend with their students at no cost.

Extra Revision paper – Girls’ Breakfast video

The current course has now been assessed twice, once in November 2017 and now with the VCE’s Northern Hemisphere program in May 2018.  This second paper will be a useful revision resource.  Detailed solutions are on the Vicphysics website.

Last Tuesday at the Girls in Physics Breakfast, 150 young women from schools, univerities and industry heard Dr Ceri Brenner talk about using the most powerful laser in the world as a tool for research in fusion and astrophysics and innovation in medical and industrial applications.  You can catch the video of her talk on our website.

The next meeting of the Vicphysics Teachers’ Network will be at 5pm on Thursday, 13th September at Melbourne Girls’ College.  All teachers are welcome to attend this or any other meeting.  If you would like to attend, please contact Vicphysics

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

Table of Contents

  1. Video of Girls in Physics Breakfast Presentation
  2. Extra Revision Paper: The VCE Northern Hemisphere Physics Exam paper and Solutions
  3. Events for Students and the General Public
  4. Events for Teachers

5. Physics News from the Web
a) Time examined and time experienced
b)  How to build a super magnet
c)  The riddle of ultra high energy cosmic rays
d)  Review of Bombshell: The Hedy Lamarr Story: Actor and inventor

1. Video of Girls in Physics Breakfast Presentation
The presentation at the Breakfast by Dr Ceri Brenner, the AIP’s Women in Physics lecturer for 2018 was recorded.
The video can be accessed from here and here. Other information is available on our website .

Dr Brenner’s topic is Pressing FIRE on the most powerful laser in the world.  Dr Ceri Brenner is a physicist at UK Research and Innovation. She spoke about how such power can be produced and how it can be used in fusion and astrophysics research as well as medical and industrial applications.

2.  Extra Revision Paper: The VCE Northern Hemisphere Physics Exam paper and Solutions
The Physics exam for the Northern Hemisphere uses the same curriculum.  So the exam that was held on Thursday, 31st May will be useful for students preparing for their physics exam in November.  The paper can be downloaded here.  Papers for other subjects can be downloaded fromhere.
Detailed solutions have been prepared with a suggested marking scheme as well as extra questions based on the stem of some of the questions.  The solutions are on our website along with those of earlier physics papers.

3.    Events for Students and the General Public
a)    Tuesday, 28th August: Tying electrons into knots,  6:30pmMonash University, Clayton Campus.
The August lecture in this series will be on Tying electrons into knots and will be given by Professor Michael Fuhrer from the school of Physics and Astronomy at Monash University.  Check here for a personal profile of Prof Fuhrer.
A demonstration, practical activity or laboratory tour will precede each lecture, beginning at 6.30pm, with the lecture starting at 7pm.
The venue is Lecture Theatre S3, 16 Rainforest Walk, which is on the West side of the Clayton campus. (see map). Parking is available free after 5pm in N1 (check the map).

These lectures are appropriate for teachers or VCE students.  Information about the series is available here .
The next lectures in the series are:

  • Tuesday, 25th September – Black holes and merging neutron stars: frontiers in gravitational-wave astronomy – Dr Eric Thrane
  • Tuesday, 30th October – Neutron Stars – Prof Alexander Heger
  • Tuesday, 27th November – TBA – Assoc Prof Meera Parish

b) Tuesday, 4th September, Medical Radiations Open Night, 6:00pm – 8:00pm, Moorabbin Hospital
This Open night is for students interested in careers in the Medical Radiations professions of Medical Imaging, Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine.  Staff will conduct tours of these departments and provide career and professional information.  This is a great opportunity to see the latest in high-tech modern medicine. Parents and teachers are most welcome.
Time: 6:00pm – 8:00pm
Venue: Clinic 1B, Moorabbin Hospital, 823 – 865 Centre Rd, Bentleigh East
To book: Email here by 29th August to assist with tour co-ordination.

c) Sunday, 9th September: Open Day at Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 10am – 2pm, Parkville
This Open day is for students interested in careers in the Medical Radiations professions of Medical Imaging, Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine.  Staff will conduct tours of these departments and provide career and professional information.  University course providers will also be in attendance. This is a great opportunity to see the latest in high-tech modern medicine. Parents and teachers are most welcome.
Time: 10:00am to 2:00pm
Venue: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre within the VCCC building at 305 Grattan St Melbourne

d)   Friday, 14th September: It Takes a Spark!, Spark EDU Conference,  Melbourne Girls’ College
This conference is designed by students and teachers for students and teachers.

The intent of the ‘It Takes a Spark’ conference is to bring together Girls and their Teachers to connect with inspiring female industry role models, share their current school based activities and projects using an authentic sharing and experiential model, create networks of teachers and student teams, and solve social justice design challenges.

The participation of the students is as important as teachers as the intent is to ignite, empower and nurture both students and teachers to be leaders of STEAM and Entrepreneurship within their schools.

Teachers will have both formal and informal opportunities to speak to other teachers who have enacted programs and activities in their schools and get their questions answered. The workshops and social justice design challenges are all hands-on so students and teachers will experience first-hand what it is like to be part of great STEAM and entrepreneurial learning.  This will spark new ideas about curriculum and pedagogy.

The event is for:

  •  those who are already (or aspire to be) technology leaders in their school,
  •  those who have little experience and those who have a lot,
  • Curriculum Coordinators– who wish to discuss how to create trans-disciplinary units that are powerfully engaging,
  • Principals and Deputy Principals – to witness what is possible by embedding the Technologies Curriculum in their school.

Cost: Teacher: $235 (early bird $195 by 24th August), Student : $33 , Includes lunch.

Check here for the details of program, speakers and the workshops for teachers and for students.

e)  Saturday, 15th September: What’s Next: Prof Kip Thorne on Gravitational waves, etc, 7:30pm, Palais Theatre, St Kilda

Let’s talk Gavitational Waves, Black Holes, Wormholes, Dark Matter and Time Travel.

See American Nobel Prize-winning theoretical physicist Prof Kip Thorne, Astrophysicist Prof Alan Duffy and co-host of the Infinite Monkey Cage, British comedian Robin Ince.  Professor Kip Thorne will lead a panel discussion, delving into how scientific advances will change how we live our lives and how the world we live in will change forever.

Ticket prices range from $97 to $178.  To book, click here.

4.     Events for Teachers
a)         It Takes a Spark!, Spark EDU Conference, 14th September, Melbourne Girls’ College
See item 3d above

b) Lab Techs Workshop, Tuesday 18th September, Camberwell Grammar School
The all day program includes:

  • Learning new skills: i) Using and repairing multimeters, ii) Setting up a CRO for demonstrations, iii) Using a Ruhmkorff coil for high voltage demonstrations. (do two of the three, each runs for 30 mins)
  • The Van de Graaff Generator: Their care and feeding with Harvey Edwards from Principles and Practice.The frustration and hate of maintaining a VDG is fairly universal among Labies. Either you can seek help from a professional councellor or join in this workshop that will give you all the hints on how to service and maintain them with a minimum of hair pulling and swearing.  1 hour)
  • Good data in a digital world with Doug Bail from Ciderhouse. Hints, tips, tricks and techniques that help you, teachers and students make the most of the digital data acquisition available to schools.  The workshop will include some experiments, chat through tips, maintenance, calibration and analyse some data to help you support the use of this equipment.  The session will use PASCO gear but is intended for support of all equipment and particular notes will be made of options available from other suppliers. (1 hour)
  • Safe handling of ionising radiation and storage of radioactive sources (45 mins)
  • Laboratory management hints and lab tour (45 mins)
  • What is that old equipment in the back cupboard and is it of any use? (30 mins)

Cost: $60. Lunch is provided. A copy of the LTAV’s Physics Reference Manual is available at a discounted price of $20.
More details here  To book: go to Trybooking . Bookings close on Monday, 10th September.

5.   Physics from the Web
Items selected from the bulletins of the Institute of Physics (UK).
Each item below includes the introductory paragraphs and a web link to the rest of the article.
a)  Time examined and Time experienced
How we perceive and experience time is fundamental to our lives but we don’t fully understand what is a complex phenomenon. Sidney Perkowitz looks at how scientists and philosophers alike are seeking to grasp this mysterious and ever-present concept

“Time is nature’s way to keep everything from happening all at once.”

Though the meaning behind this quote could be taken literally, it reads like a joke. Thought to be originally written by the science-fiction author Ray Cummings in 1919, the phrase was used by American theoretical physicist John Wheeler in his chapter of the 1990 book Complexity, Entropy and the Physics of Information.

But Wheeler, who had a way with words, also knew how to be serious about time, and in 1986 he wrote, “Of all obstacles to a thoroughly penetrating account of existence, none looms up more dismayingly than ‘time’…To uncover the deep and hidden connection between time and existence…is a task for the future.”

The shift in tone from treating time as a joke to something deeper is a sign that we do not understand it, though, like fish in the sea, we are immersed in it. Even while expressing our ignorance about time, Wheeler himself had no choice but to self-referentially allude to one of its mysterious aspects – the future. And though he could not explain time, he reminded us that it has human as well as physical meaning when he wrote in that same chapter from 1990: “Heaven did not hand down the word ‘time’. Man invented it…or as Einstein put it, ‘Time and space are modes by which we think, and not conditions in which we live.’ ”
b)   How to build a super-magnet
Super-strong magnets are a relatively recent phenomenon. Before the 19th century, the only magnets available were naturally occurring rocks made from a mineral called magnetite. This began to change after 1819, when the Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted discovered that electric currents in metallic wires create magnetic fields, but the real leap in magnet strength did not come until nearly a century later, with the discovery of superconductivity. Superconductors conduct electricity with perfect efficiency, which is a huge advantage for making strong magnets: today’s most powerful commercially available superconducting magnets can produce a stable field of up to 23 T, which is more than 2000 times stronger than the magnet on your fridge.

In December 2017 improvements in low-temperature-superconductor (LTS) magnet technology, together with advances in high-temperature superconducting (HTS) materials, produced another change in magnet development. The successful demonstration of a 32 T all-superconducting magnet by the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) in Florida, US, was a significant milestone in the field. The new super-magnet is expected to become available to users in 2019, and its high, stable field will help scientists break new ground in studies of nuclear magnetic resonance, electron magnetic resonance, molecular solids and quantum oscillation studies of complex metals, among other areas. In the longer term, the wider availability of such strong magnetic fields is also expected to enhance our understanding of superconductors and nanomaterials, leading to new nano-devices and applications.
c) The riddle of ultra high energy cosmic rays
Ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays are the most energetic and rarest of particles in the universe – and also one of the most enigmatic. Benjamin Skuse reveals how cosmic-ray mysteries are continuing to test our understanding of high-energy physics

Far, far away, something – somewhere – is creating particles with crazy amounts of energy. Whatever they are or wherever they’re from, these particles can be anything between 1018 eV and 1020 eV. Given that the top particle energy at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider is about 1013 eV, some of these particles are a million times more energetic than anything we can fashion at the most powerful particle accelerator on the planet. Quite simply, they’re the most energetic particles ever seen in nature.
d)  Review of Bombshell: The Hedy Lamarr Story: Actor and inventor
Immigrant, actor, producer, inventor, war-time fundraiser, feminist and a woman vastly ahead of her time – that’s Hedy Lamarr. A certified Hollywood movie star often dubbed “the most beautiful woman in the world”, and a bona fide ingenious engineer with a patent under her glitzy belt, Lamarr was a constant contradiction. To anyone discovering her today, it would seem as though Lamarr was misjudged, dismissed and valued only for her beauty. Lamarr’s inspiring and unconventional life – a heady (if you will excuse the pun) mix of sex, science, fame and misfortune – is perfectly brought together in the biographical documentary film Bombshell: the Hedy Lamarr Story.

VicPhys Newsletter Term 3 No 3 Livestream of B’fast talk – Competitions – Med Phys Open Days

Some highlights:

  • The Girls in Physics Breakfast on Tuesday, 21st August is fully booked and Vicphysics has arranged for the talk by Dr Ceri Brenner to be streamed live.  Her talk will begin at8:20am and finish about 9:25am.
  • There has been a tremendous response to the Physics Extravaganza that will be on at Swinburne University on this Friday, 17th August.  Bookings are likely to close prior to the event.
  • Vicphysics runs a few competitions for students.  They include photo and video competitions as well as one for the poster for Unit 2 Area of Study ‘Practical Investigations’.
  • There are now two venues offering ‘Open Days’ on Medical Physics, although one is at night, a day one at Peter Mac and an evening one at Moorabbin Hospital.
  • Peter Cheung from Nagle College in Bairnsdale is offering a workshop on Special Relativity at his school on the afternoon of Monday, 27th August.

There are also a large range of events for students in the coming weeks.

The next meeting of the Vicphysics Teachers’ Network will be at 5pm on Thursday, 13th Septemberat Melbourne Girls’ College.  All teachers are welcome to attend this or any other meeting.  If you would like to attend, please contact Vicphysics

The Vicphysics Executive Team
Frances Sidari (Pres), Bronwyn Quint (Vice-Pres), Barbara McKinnon (Sec), Terry Tan (Treas) and Dan O’Keeffe (Coord)

Table of Contents

  1. Live stream of the talk at the Girls in Physics Breakfast, 8:20am, Tuesday, 21st August
  2. Physics Competitions for Students
  3. Workshop of Special Relativity, 3:30pm, Monday 27th August, Bairnsdale
  4. Physics Days at Luna Park for 2019
  5. Events for Students and the General Public
  6. Events for Teachers

7. Physics News from the Web
a) The physics of baking good pizza
b)  The dark energy deniers
c)  Did dark matter have a chilling effect on the early universe?

1. Live Stream of the talk at the Girls in Physics Breakfast, 8:20am, Tuesday, 21st August
The Breakfast is fully booked and Vicphysics is live streaming the talk by Dr Ceri Brenner, the AIP’s Women in Physics lecturer for 2018.  The talk will start at 8:20am and finish at 9:25am.
The video link and more details are available on our website and the video can also be accessed from here and here. Questions for the speaker can be through events@vicphysics.org  The video file will be available after the event.

Dr Brenner’s topic is Pressing FIRE on the most powerful laser in the world.  Dr Ceri Brenner is a physicist at UK Research and Innovation. She is using the most powerful lasers in the world to develop innovative imaging technology for medical, nuclear and aerospace inspection. She has a unique role that spans research, innovation and business development and is driving the translation of laser-driven accelerator research into industrial applications that impact our society.

This event is sponsored by ANSTO, Vicphysics Teachers’ Network, the Victorian Branch of the Australian Institute of Physics, the ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low Energy Electronic Technologies (FLEET), and supported by Federal Government’s Inspiring Australia – Inspiring Science Program.

2. Physics Competitions for Students
Vicphysics runs the following competitions for secondary students.  Each competition has book voucher prizes:
a) Photo Competition: The contest is open to students in Victorian schools. Entrants must submit their photos by email attachment. In addition entrants must print out, complete, sign, and mail the Contest Rules and Entry Agreement available at this webpage.  Entries are due by the first Friday of Term 4.
b) Video Competition: The contest is open to students in Victorian schools. The subject of teh video must relate to an aspect of the VCE Physics Curriculum. The video may not be longer than three minutes in length. In addition entrants must print out, complete, sign, and mail the Contest Rules and Entry Agreement available at this webpage. Entries are due by the first Friday of Term 4.
c) Practical Investigation Poster Competition: For Year 11 students.  There is a maximum of ten prizes, the entry of each prize winner must satisfy the list of criteria on this webpage.  Entries must be submitted as a one page pdf.  The posters must be sent as an email attachment by the teacher to Vicphysics by the second Friday of Term 4.  Successful entries with judges’ comments are also on the webpage.

3.  Workshop on Special Relativity, 3:30pm, 27th August, Bairnsdale. 
Peter Cheung from Nagle College will be running a workshop on the Lorentz Transformation and Minkowski diagram.
The time:         Monday, 27th August 2018,  3:30 to 5:00 pm.
Venue:             Nagle College, Bairnsdale
To book, please contact the school on Phone: 5152 6122

4.  Physics Days at Luna Park in 2019
The dates for 2019 are Tuesday, 5th March to Friday, 8th March.  The bookings are not open yet, but you can now begin the administrivia of getting permission.  Extra rides are being planned by Luna Park.  More details later in the year.

5.    Events for Students and the General Public
a) Monday, 13th August: Would you Survive on Mars?, 7:00pm Monash University

Venue: G09 lecture room, 9 Rainforest Walk, Monash University
Bookings and Map: Free. Click here.
Mars is our favourite planet and the only other planet in the Solar system where humans will live one day. But stories that are often told about Mars, mostly by popular sci-fi movies, paint a hostile world. These stories focus on challenges of survival in a harsh environment (“The Martian”, “Red planet”), fear of invasion by Martians (“The War of the Worlds”, “Life”), origin of life and human species (“Mission to Mars”), an environmental and ethical impact of humanity on another planet (“Total recall”), and whether it’s ethical to even raise humans on Mars (“The Space between Us”).
This is an interactive talk that would challenge your knowledge about real Mars and test your skills of survival on another planet while discussing fun science from sci-fi movies.  After the talk, there is a chance to observe Mars and other delights of the night sky, weather permitting.
The event is organised by FLEET, the ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low Energy Electronic Technologies.
Their free massive open online course “How to survive on Mars – the Science Behind the Human Exploration of Mars” opened on 6th August – all welcome!

b)  Tuesday, 14th August: Carbon, Clean Energy, Climate Change and how Chemistry is the solution, 5:30pm, University of Melbourne
To celebrate National Science Week RACI are hold a FREE Public Lectureship on: If the world has to go ‘carbon neutral’ what exactly will this look like and how are we going to achieve this?
The link and solution between carbon emissions, climate change and a future of clean energy is through chemistry; from removing our dependence on fossil fuels that powers our modern society, the physical chemistry behind carbon dioxide that is causing climate change, to the ability to develop cheap clean alternative energy sources.
This conversation will focus on how we produce and use energy, altering how the large industries that drive our economy operate, to the manufacture of common products that we take for granted in everyday lives.

Dr Colin Scholes from The University of Melbourne; will explore how our energy sector, mineral and chemical processing industries, transportation and even how we grow food will be transformed as we adapt to clean energy, future fuels and ‘zero-footprint’ products as we use chemistry to remove carbon from the equation.

This event is supported by The Royal Society of Victoria and The University of Melbourne Therapeutic Technologies Hallmark.
When: Tuesday 14 August 2018
Time: 5.30pm – 7pm
Where: ESJ King Theatre, University of Melbourne, Grattan St, Parkville.
Cost: FREE
Please Click Here to Register.

c)  Thursday, 16th AugustSeven Mysteries of Modern Physics: from dark matter to oscillating neutrinos1:45pm, Kardinia International School, Geelong
Dr Catalina Curceanu, the AIP Women in Physics lecturer from 2016, will be in Melbourne in mid August and she has agreed to speak in Geelong to complement the regional spread of physics talks happening in August.

Her topic is Seven Mysteries of Modern Physics: from dark matter to oscillating neutrinos and she will talk about: Is there anything left to do for the next generations of researchers in fundamental physics?

We shall answer this provocative question by discussing seven major unsolved mysteries of Modern Physics, just to show to the “next generation” that there are many important things to be done in science, in physics in particular. We will discuss items ranging from dark matter and energy, to the interior of black hole and the intimate structure of a neutron star, and explore the Schrodinger cat paradox, to end with something we know exists, but do not know how large it is: neutrino masses, and with something else we do not even know exists: one or more parallel Universes. This is the best moment to study science!

Dr Curceanu leads a research team performing nuclear and fundamental physics experiments on the DAPHNE collider at Frascati and at the underground laboratory of Gran Sasso in Italy.

Time: 1:45pm
Venue: Kardinia International College, 29 – 31 Kardinia Drive, Bell Post Hill.
To Book: Please email Vicphysics with student numbers and their Year level(s)

d) Thursday, 16th August: Three Years of Winter: The (Scientific) Story behind Shelley’s Frankenstein, 7:00pm Monash University

Venue: G09 lecture room, 9 Rainforest Walk, Monash University
Bookings and Map: Free Click here.
”It was a dark and stormy night…” …hold on a minute, let’s ditch this cliched horror story! It was actually a hot and tropical April in 1815, prior to the terror that would engulf the inhabitants of Sumbawa, Indonesia. In this gothic tale that weaves art and science, Monash University’s Dr James Driscoll will focus on the geological and climatic catastrophe that created the conditions for the writing of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, three years later and half a world away. We’ll also explore the science of catastrophic volcanic eruptions and comment on the present volcanic hazards of Victoria.

e)  Physics Extravaganza, Friday evening, 17th August at Swinburne University.
Two public Lectures, an Art exhibition, refreshments at interval and Telescope viewing are on offer.
The program is:

  • 4:30pm. Igniting stars with super intense lasers with Dr Ceri Brenner, the AIP Women in Physics Lecturer for 2018. Dr Brenner is a laser physicist from the UK Research and Innovation and will be speaking as part of her national tour.   See details below.
  • 5:30pm. Deeper Darker Brighter: An Art exhibition with refreshments provided.
  • 6:30pm. State of the Universe VIII – the people’s edition with Dr Rebecca Allen, Swinburne University.  See details below.
  • 7:30pm Telescope viewing. Weather permitting.

Venue: Swinburne University, Hawthorn campus, ATC101 (Enter from Burwood Rd) Map.
Refreshments will be provided in the hour between the two talks.
Cost: Free
For more details and a flyer, click here 
To book, click here.  Note: You will need to tick which sessions you want to attend.  This will assist with the catering and while the venue is large, the Swinburne lectures are popular.

Igniting stars with super intense lasers with Dr Ceri Brenner
Time4.30pm to 5.30pm
Dr Ceri Brenner, the AIP Women in Physics Lecturer for 2018, will speak on ‘Igniting stars with super intense lasers’. She says of her talk ‘When we press FIRE on the most powerful laser in the world, we deliver a packet of light that is a thousand billion billion times more intense than sunlight. We can use this extreme power to recreate the conditions at the centre of Sun and in the process release vast amounts of energy in a clean and safe way. Harnessing this power for electricity generation is an inspiring story. It combines pure and applied physics and requires engineering to handle the most extreme conditions in our solar system!

State of the Universe VIII – the people’s edition with Dr Rebecca Allen, Swinburne University.
Time6.30pm to 7.30pm
Whether it is depending on the stars in the sky to navigate a ship’s journey or developing technology that enables the successful landing of a rover on a distant planet, space has always been part of who we are. In this special edition of State of the Universe, Dr Rebecca Allen will discuss some of the contemporary men and women who have advanced the studies of and journeys into the Cosmos, and where we are today.

f)    Sunday, 19th August: Inspiring Illumination, Creative Curiosity, 2:30pm, Art Gallery of Ballarat
Time2.30pm to 3.30pm
Venue: Art Gallery of Ballarat, 40 Lydiard St Nth, Ballarat.
As part of the National Science Week program on Art and Science, Dr Ceri Brenner speaks on Lasers and Art.  Lasers are a beautiful and powerful tool. They’re fascinating to observe and inspiring to study. In describing scientists and artists, artist Alistair McClymont remarks: “both ultimately search for truth and both see beauty in that truth”. Dr Ceri Brenner reveals the beauty behind her work with the most powerful lasers in the world, how she is inspired by the world-changing applications that she and her team work on and the extreme technology she gets to work with.
Bookings: The lecture is free, but booking is essential.  Please click here.

g)    Monday, 20th August: Igniting stars with super intense lasers, 9:30am, La Trobe University, Bendigo Campus
La Trobe University is organising a Science Day featuring activities and talks.  The program includes Robot Rule workshops (1 hour) at  9:30am11:00am and 2:00pm, a Lasertag workshop (2 hour) at 9:30am  and a lecture at 12:30pm by Dr Ceri Brenner from the UK, the AIP Women in Physics lecturer for 2018 will speak on her work with lasers.

For more details of the day or to book teh workshops, please contact Rachel Meredith . Schools wishing to book the lecture, please use this form.  All workshops are offered at no charge to schools.

h)    Tuesday, 28th August: Tying electrons into knots,  6:30pmMonash University, Clayton Campus.
The August lecture in this series will be on Tying electrons into knots and will be given by Professor Michael Fuhrer from the school of Physics and Astronomy at Monash University.  Check here for a personal profile of Prof Fuhrer.
A demonstration, practical activity or laboratory tour will precede each lecture, beginning at 6.30pm, with the lecture starting at 7pm.
The venue is Lecture Theatre S3, 16 Rainforest Walk, which is on the West side of the Clayton campus. (see map). Parking is available free after 5pm in N1 (check the map).

These lectures are appropriate for teachers or VCE students.  Information about the series is available here .
The next lectures in the series are:

  • Tuesday, 25th September – Black holes and merging neutron stars: frontiers in gravitational-wave astronomy – Dr Eric Thrane
  • Tuesday, 30th October – Neutron Stars – Prof Alexander Heger
  • Tuesday, 27th November – TBA – Assoc Prof Meera Parish

i) Tuesday, 4th September, Medical Radiations Open Night, 6:00pm – 8:00pm, Moorabbin Hospital
This Open night is for students interested in careers in the Medical Radiations professions of Medical Imaging, Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine.  Staff will conduct tours of these departments and provide career and professional information.  This is a great opportunity to see the latest in high-tech modern medicine. Parents and teachers are most welcome.
Time: 6:00pm – 8:00pm
Venue: Clinic 1B, Moorabbin Hospital, 823 – 865 Centre Rd, Bentleigh East
To book: Email here by 29th August to assist with tour co-ordination.

j) Sunday, 9th September: Open Day at Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 10am – 2pm, Parkville
This Open day is for students interested in careers in the Medical Radiations professions of Medical Imaging, Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine.  Staff will conduct tours of these departments and provide career and professional information.  University course providers will also be in attendance. This is a great opportunity to see the latest in high-tech modern medicine. Parents and teachers are most welcome.
Time10:00am to 2:00pm
Venue: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre within the VCCC building at 305 Grattan St Melbourne

k)   Friday, 14th September: It Takes a Spark!, Spark EDU Conference,  Melbourne Girls’ College
This conference is designed by students and teachers for students and teachers.

The intent of the ‘It Takes a Spark’ conference is to bring together Girls and their Teachers to connect with inspiring female industry role models, share their current school based activities and projects using an authentic sharing and experiential model, create networks of teachers and student teams, and solve social justice design challenges.

The participation of the students is as important as teachers as the intent is to ignite, empower and nurture both students and teachers to be leaders of STEAM and Entrepreneurship within their schools.

Teachers will have both formal and informal opportunities to speak to other teachers who have enacted programs and activities in their schools and get their questions answered. The workshops and social justice design challenges are all hands-on so students and teachers will experience first-hand what it is like to be part of great STEAM and entrepreneurial learning.  This will spark new ideas about curriculum and pedagogy.

The event is for:

  •  those who are already (or aspire to be) technology leaders in their school,
  •  those who have little experience and those who have a lot,
  • Curriculum Coordinators– who wish to discuss how to create trans-disciplinary units that are powerfully engaging,
  • Principals and Deputy Principals – to witness what is possible by embedding the Technologies Curriculum in their school.

Cost: Teacher: $235 (early bird $195 by 24th August), Student : $33 , Includes lunch.

Check here for the details of program, speakers and the workshops for teachers and for students.

l)  Saturday, 15th September: What’s Next: Prof Kip Thorne on Gravitational waves, etc, 7:30pm, Palais Theatre, St Kilda

Let’s talk Gavitational Waves, Black Holes, Wormholes, Dark Matter and Time Travel.

See American Nobel Prize-winning theoretical physicist Prof Kip Thorne, Astrophysicist Prof Alan Duffy and co-host of the Infinite Monkey Cage, British comedian Robin Ince.  Professor Kip Thorne will lead a panel discussion, delving into how scientific advances will change how we live our lives and how the world we live in will change forever.

Ticket prices range from $97 to $178.  To book, click here.

6.     Events for Teachers
a)         It Takes a Spark!, Spark EDU Conference, 14th SeptemberMelbourne Girls’ College
See item 5k above

b) Lab Techs Workshop, Tuesday 18th September, Camberwell Grammar School
The all day program includes:

  • Learning new skills: i) Using and repairing multimeters, ii) Setting up a CRO for demonstrations, iii) Using a Ruhmkorff coil for high voltage demonstrations. (do two of the three, each runs for 30 mins)
  • The Van de Graaff Generator: Their care and feeding with Harvey Edwards from Principles and Practice.The frustration and hate of maintaining a VDG is fairly universal among Labies. Either you can seek help from a professional councellor or join in this workshop that will give you all the hints on how to service and maintain them with a minimum of hair pulling and swearing.  1 hour)
  • Good data in a digital world with Doug Bail from Ciderhouse. Hints, tips, tricks and techniques that help you, teachers and students make the most of the digital data acquisition available to schools.  The workshop will include some experiments, chat through tips, maintenance, calibration and analyse some data to help you support the use of this equipment.  The session will use PASCO gear but is intended for support of all equipment and particular notes will be made of options available from other suppliers. (1 hour)
  • Safe handling of ionising radiation and storage of radioactive sources (45 mins)
  • Laboratory management hints and lab tour (45 mins)
  • What is that old equipment in the back cupboard and is it of any use? (30 mins)

Cost: $60. Lunch is provided. A copy of the LTAV’s Physics Reference Manual is available at a discounted price of $20.
More details here  To book: go to Trybooking . Bookings close on Monday, 10th September.

7.   Physics from the Web
Items selected from the bulletins of the Institute of Physics (UK).
Each item below includes the introductory paragraphs and a web link to the rest of the article.
a) The physics of baking good pizza
Physical principles are involved in almost any aspect of cooking. Here we analyze the specific process of baking pizzas, deriving in simple terms the baking times for two different situations: For a brick oven in a pizzeria and a modern metallic oven at home.  Our study is based on basic thermodynamic principles relevant to the cooking process and is accessible to undergraduate students. We start with a historical overview of the development and art of pizza baking, illustrate the underlying physics by some simple common examples, and then apply them in detail to the example of baking pizza.

A research article by Andrey Varlamov, Andreas Glatz, Sergio Grasso.

b) The dark energy deniers
The discovery that the universe is expanding with increasing speed may have bagged a Nobel prize, but some cosmologists are still not sure if dark energy is the explanation for it. Keith Cooper looks at the arguments for and against this mysterious phenomenon

It was the most profound discovery in cosmology since the detection of the faint radio hiss from the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In 1998 two teams of researchers, locked in a fierce rivalry to be the first to measure the expansion rate of the universe, independently announced that they had arrived at the same startling conclusion: the expansion of the universe is not slowing down as expected, but is speeding up. The discovery led to the 2011 Nobel Prize for Physics being awarded to the two team leaders – Brian Schmidt of the High-Z Supernova Search Team and Saul Perlmutterof the Supernova Cosmology Project – as well as Schmidt’s teammate, Adam Riess, who was the first to plot the data and realize that the universe is not behaving as it should.

c)  Did dark matter have a chilling effect on the early universe?
New research lends further support to the idea that a detection of surprisingly strong absorption by primordial hydrogen gas, reported earlier this year, could be evidence of dark matter. The new results, described in three papers in Physical Review Letters, are theoretical and do not settle the issue. Indeed, one group is sceptical of the dark-matter interpretation. But the work heightens interest in ongoing observations of the “cosmic dawn”, with new results from radio telescopes expected within the next year.

According to cosmologists, the hydrogen gas that existed in the very early universe was in thermal equilibrium with the cosmic microwave background (CMB), which meant that the gas would not have been visible either through absorption of the microwave photons or through emission. But at the start of the cosmic dawn about 100 million years after the Big Bang, ultraviolet light from the first stars would have excited the hydrogen atoms and shifted the distribution of electrons within the lower and upper levels of the hyperfine transition. As such, the hydrogen would have started to absorb much more radiation at the transition wavelength (21 cm), which would be seen today as a dip at longer, re-shifted wavelengths in the CMB spectrum.